TRACHONITIS, a province of the area of bashan E. of the River Jordan and N. of the River Yarmuk. It was one of the three provinces into which the area was divided by the Ptolemies, the other two being Gaulonitis and Batanaea. As a result the Targum renders the name Argob as a region of Bashan and as "the province of Trachonitis" (pelakh Terakhona, cf. Deut. 3:4). The emperor Augustus awarded it to Herod, and it remained with his heirs until Agrippa (II; c. 100). In 106 C.E., together with all Bashan, it was annexed to the province of Arabia, the capital of which was Boẓrah and it is therefore called "Trachonitis of Boẓrah" in the Tosefta (see below). During Herod's stay in Rome, the inhabitants of Trachonitis   rebelled against him, and his commander zamaris cleared it of marauders; it is therefore also referred to as "Trachonitis of Zamaris" (Terakhona de-Zimra). For halakhic purposes Trachonitis was regarded as part of the territory of Ereẓ Israel, and therefore, the laws appertaining to the Sabbatical Year applied to it (Tosef., Shev. 4:11).

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Trachonītis — (Trachon), der nördlichste District von Palästina, grenzte an Syrien, Ituräa u. Gaulanitis, war felsig u. sandig u. wegen seiner Höhlen Aufenthaltsort zahlreicher Räuberbanden; der östliche Theil heißt jetzt Safa, der westliche Ledschâ od. arab.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Trachonitis — Trachonitis, s. Palästina …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • TRACHONITIS — vulgo Bacar hodie, teste Gulielm. Tyriô, regio Palaestinae, quae et Ituraea Straboni, et Petraea Hegesippo, in Caelesyria, inter montem Libani, et lacum Tiberiadis. Vide Plin. l. 5. c. 18. extr …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Trachonitis — Appears in Scripture only in the phrase tes Itouraias kai Trachbnitidos choras , literally, of the Iturean and Trachonian region (Luke 3:1). Trachonitis signifies the land associated with the trachon, a rugged stony tract. There are two volcanic… …   Wikipedia

  • Trachonitis — Die Ledja ist eine Landschaft in Syrien. Es handelt sich um ein von Lava bedecktes Ödland. In der Antike hieß es Trachonitis und wurde von den Nabatäern beherrscht. Später führte durch die Ledja eine Römerstraße, die Bostra mit Damaskus verband.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Trachonitis —    A rugged region, corresponds to the Heb. Argob (q.v.), the Greek name of a region on the east of Jordan (Luke 3:1); one of the five Roman provinces into which that district was divided. It was in the tetrarchy of Philip, and is now called the… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Trachonitis — Part of the territory of Herod Philip (Luke 3:1), later governed by Herod Agrippa Ⅰ. Situated in the NE of Palestine, its OT name is Bashan. Caesarea Philippi and Bethsaida are two NT cities of the region …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • ТРАХОНИТИДА —    • Trachonītis,          Τραχωνι̃τις, один из 6 округов восточно иорданской области, песчаная гористая местность между Дамаском и низменной Сирией, получившая название от двух каменистых горных кряжей (Τραχω̃νες) …   Реальный словарь классических древностей

  • Tetrarchy (Judea) — The Tetrarchy of Judea was formed following the death of Herod the Great in 4 BC, when his kingdom was divided between his sons as an inheritance. It persisted into the first century, until the kingdom was re united under Herod Agrippa I in… …   Wikipedia

  • Herodes Philippos (Tetrarch) — Herodes Philippos († 34), häufig kurz Philippos oder Philippus genannt, war von 4 v. Chr. bis zu seinem Tode Tetrarch (Vierfürst) von Ituräa, Golan und Trachonitis. Philippos war ein Sohn des römischen Klientelkönigs Herodes’ des Großen und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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